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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: LI-78
Corporate Name: R. P. Snelling
Local Name:
Owner Name: R. P. Snelling
Location: South of Trinity River, on the Houston East & West Texas, around New Caney
County: Liberty
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1880
Town: Near New Caney
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 20-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 10000: 1880
Capacity Comments: 3,000,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular and muley sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston East and West Texas
Historicial Development: The Northwestern Lumberman reported that R. P. Snelling ran a sawmill near the tracks of the Houston East & West Texas, south of the Trinity River, in 1880. The 1880 Census located the plant in Liberty County. The mill was equipped with circular and muley saws. Capitalized at $3,500, the mill was powered by steam employed fifteen men normally, eighteen at peak. The workers were paid daily wages (ten-hour shifts) of $3.00 for skilled and labor and $1.40 for unskilled. Snelling paid a total wage of $6,000. The mill, with $22,500 worth of raw materials and sawlogs, manufactured three million feet of lumber, worth a gross value of $30,000 during the reporting period. He had later lumber interests in Hardin County.
Research Date: JKG 12-14-93, MCJ 03-14-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M Johnson