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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CK-14
Corporate Name: Chandler Brothers
Local Name:
Owner Name: Chandler Brothers with John William, L. L., and Robert Thornton Chandler.
Location: Gallatin, at railroad tracks and 768
County: Cherokee
Years in Operation: 5 years
Start Year: 1907
End Year: 1911
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919
Period of Operation: at least from 1907 to 1911
Town: Gallatin
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 19 in 1906
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber, veneer, crates, cotton
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill, planer, veneer machine, clipper, basket machines, cotton gin
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas and New Orleans (later Southern Pacific)
Historicial Development: The Saga of Cherokee County, Texas, mentions the new town of Gallatin located southeast of Jacksonville on the railroad tracks. The town was located on the land of Hank Chandler, which included a box and basket factory, a cotton gin, and a sawmill already in operation. John William Chandler and Robert Thornton Chandler were enumerated in the 1910 Census as sawmillers living in residences 583 and 588 at Rusk. Although not listed in the September 1906 article “Lumber Mills of Texas” of Southern Industrial and Lumber Review, the Chandler Brothers mill was listed in the Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association, January 1907. Chandler Brothers apparently had a crate and basket company as well, for R. T. and J. W. Chandler in 1907 mortgaged to W Connally Co for $628, pledging a a planer, a boiler, an engine, a veneer machine, a clipper, five basket machines, and a cotton gin. That same year, Chandler Brothers mortgaged to Jacksonville State Bank 25,000 feet of lumber, four horses, two mules, and thirteen oxen. The Chandlers mortgaged with the First National Bank of Rusk in January, 1908, with a collateral of a future production of 10,000 crates. That may have been the land that J. W. Chandler had received a release a lien for from the Bank of Jacksonville.
Research Date: MCJ 12-08-95
Prepared By: M. Johnson