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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CK-65
Corporate Name: Beauchamp Bros
Local Name:
Owner Name: Beauchamp Bros. Beauchamp Bros and Harding.
Location: Alto: Precinct 2, 1880 Census
County: Cherokee
Years in Operation: 6 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1884
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1884
Town: Alto
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 1880: 24-horsepower steam engine 1882: 50-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular saw, no remanufactures
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: rail and express at Rusk
Historicial Development: Beauchamp Bros and Harding had $2000 invested in a 24-horsepower steam sawmill in Cherokee County in 1880. The mill ran only six months during the census year ending May 31, 1880. One boiler ran a 24-horsepower steam engine and a circular saw. The owners employed five hands (all over sixteen years old), and paid $0.50 to $2.00 per day in wages, totaling $400 for the year. The average work day was ten hours; the mill ran full time for six months and was idle the remainder of the year. Beauchamp and Harding did their own logging. From $1,600 worth of sawlogs and mill supplies, the mill cut 200,000 feet of lumber worth $2,050. The mill was located in Precinct 2, District 13, residences 283 to 285. Employees included John W. Harding (age 28), Wm. Beauchamp, Samuel Beauchamp, Alonzo “Lonnie” Beauchamp (age 9), and James Beauchamp (steam engineer). In 1882, Beauchamp and Harding were recorded in the Cherokee County chattel mortgage registers. Beauchamp & Harding mortgaged to Dilley for $660 a sawmill and a 50-horsepower steam engine. By 1884, Beauchamp and Harding had taken on another Beauchamp partner, for the firm of Beauchamp Bros and Harding appeared in an 1884 directory of lumber mills.
Research Date: JKG 9-23-93, MCJ 01-24-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson