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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CK-355
Corporate Name: Summers & Musick
Local Name:
Owner Name: Summers & Musick. J. W. Summers. G. R. Burroughs.
Location: Alto
County: Cherokee
Years in Operation: 14 years
Start Year: 1894
End Year: 1907
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1894 to 1907
Town: Alto
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 576 in 1906
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber, shingles
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 25-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill, shingle mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: G. R. Burroughs began operating a steam sawmill in Cherokee County before the turn of the century. In 1894, he bought from J. W. Summers & Co a 20-horsepower steam engine with a sawmill and a shingle mill. He bought from Tyler Foundry, in 1900, a 3-saw edger with 16” saws for $175. He bought from F. Kavanaugh a 25-horsepower 10-inch by 12-inch steam engine. In June, 1901, he sold his “entire sawmill outfit” and a shingle machine to J. W. Summers Co. for $200. The Summers & Musick lumber operation was listed in the 1907 Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association, January 1907 as manufacturers of yellow pine lumber and shingles at Alto. In 1908, the county deed records note that after Summers' death that his executrix, Sally Summers, transferred the stock of Summers & Musick to E. A. Blount, W. T. Whiteman, and E. M. Decker.
Research Date: MCJ 01-31-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson