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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CS-56
Corporate Name: H. J. Avinger
Local Name:
Owner Name: H. J. Avinger
Location: Avinger, James Anders 640-acre survey and headright, north of town
County: Cass
Years in Operation: 25 years
Start Year: 1860
End Year: 1884
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: After 1860 to at least 1884
Town: Just north of Avinger
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 20-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 800,000 board feet produced in Census period of 1880
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: East Line & Red River in 1877
Historicial Development: Dr. H. J. Avinger, one of the earlier founders of the town that bears his name, bought James Anders entire survey of 640 acres and built a small sawmill on it. The operation would continue to grow for almost three decades. Avinger built the depot for the new East Line & Red River Railroad from Jefferson, in Marion County. The sawmill operated for ten months during the census year ending May 31, 1880. It was valued at $2,000 and Avinger paid from $0.90 to $1.50 per day in wages to ten men. The normal workforce of six men worked ten-hour shifts and were paid a total of $1,200. Avinger did his own logging in the neighborhood. The sawmill produced 800,000 board feet valued at $8,000 from $5,000 worth of sawlogs and supplies. His mill was listed in an 1884 railroad directory.
Research Date: JKG 12-29-93, MCJ 04-03-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M Johnson