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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: MA-40
Corporate Name: J. T. Gray & Co.
Local Name:
Owner Name: John and L. F. Gray
Location: Beat No. 4, three miles northeast of Jefferson
County: Marion
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1870
Town: Northeast of Jefferson
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 24-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 1,900,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the 1870 Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: John and L. F. Gray owned a steam-powered, circular sawmill site in Beat No. 4 of Marion County, about three miles northeast of Jefferson, on the land of D. Alley, deceased. The 1870 Census enumerated the sawmill's worth at $2,500 in 1870 with raw materials worth $6,000. The Grays employed twelve men to whom they paid a total wage of $6,000 over seven months. The mill produced 1,900,000 feet of lumber worth $19,000. By 1871, sole proprietorship invested in John Gray.
Research Date: MCJ 05-04-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson