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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NA-20
Corporate Name: Cariker & Daniel [J. W. Cariker and William Fleming Daniel]
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. W. Cariker and William Fleming Daniel [Awtrey Fleming Daniel]
Location: 800 meters East of 878 and 879 on the Southern Pacific tracks near Cushing
County: Nacogdoches
Years in Operation: 13 years
Start Year: 1903
End Year: 1915
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919
Period of Operation: 1903 to 1915
Town: Cushing
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Ties and timbers
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 35000: 1906
Capacity Comments: 35,000 feet of lumber daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill only, no planer or kiln.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & New Orleans (later Southern Pacific)
Historicial Development: The Nacogdoches Weekly Sentinel noted at the end of December 1902 “Mr. J. W. Cariker. . . . is putting up a saw mill near Cushing and will make his home in Nacogdoches in the near future.” It was on the south side of the Angelina River. The American Lumberman reported that he had “disposed” of this mill in January 1906, but was interested in entering the sawmill business somewhere else. The Southern Industrial and Lumber Review of September 6, 1906, still had Cariker listed as a sawmill owner in Cushing as did the 1907 listing of the LCA. Insurance policies to William Fleming Daniel reveal that he had control of the mill by 1907. Filings in the county records note that the sawmill was active until at least 1915.
Research Date: LAT 08-08-93, JKG 12-15-93, MCJ 02-10-96
Prepared By: L. Turner, J. Gerland, M. Johnson