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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NA-35
Corporate Name: Attoyac River Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. Press Carter, president of Attoyac River Lumber Company and the Carter Lumber Company. Sterne Lumber Company of E. A. Blount Lumber Company. A. J. Oliver Lumber Company.
Location: Mayo or Sterne: Northern end of Stanaland off 271
County: Nacogdoches
Years in Operation: 12 years
Start Year: 1906
End Year: 1917
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919
Period of Operation: 1906 to 1917
Town: Mayo
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Commissary, one and two story houses as well as cottages. Population about 700.
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 80000: 1908
Capacity Comments: 20,000 feet daily under Sterne Lumber Company. 25 million feet per year under Carter Lumber Company, about 80,000 feet daily.
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Single band and gang
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston East & West Texas (later Southern Pacific)
Historicial Development: The company mill town of Stern [Sterne] in Nacogdoches County had its beginning in early 1906. The American Lumberman announced in 1906 that the newly formed corporation of Sterne Lumber Company had applied for a charter build a mill of 20,000 board feet per day. The officers were A. Y. Donegan, E. M. Dotson, and R. W. Persons. The sawmill was listed in the 1907 Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association as manufacturing lumber at Nacogdoches. E. A. Blount, a Nacogdoches timber factor and businessman, gained control early of the Stern Lumber Company. In September 1906, E. A. Blount Lumber Company sold the Sterne Lumber Company at Sterne to J. P. Carter of Carter Lumber Company. Blount probably also sold his sawmilling projects in Blount Lumber Company and a hardwood mill, the former A. J. Oliver sawmill at Clawson, Angelina County, to Carter. Property and equipment conveyed in the sale of Sterne Lumber Company included a 10-inch by 54-inch Houston, Stanwood and Gamble boiler, a “R” Rockwood sawmill, an edger, 54-inch and 56-inch circular saws, a mandrel, a cutoff saw, buildings, sheds, trams,, all located on the Ignacio Sanchez league, just east of the Houston East & West Texas. Carter renamed both the community (Mayo) and the company. Mayo, sometimes known as Mayotown, is identified in Nacogdoches County records as the former town of Sterne. The facility was upgraded to cut 80,000 board feet per day. Carter's company owned 1477 acres in Nacogdoches County. The plant was located about seven and a half miles northeast of Nacogdoches. Carter carried a $50,000 fire insurance policy on it. Physical facilities included the sawmill, planing mill, commissary, cottages and one- and two-story houses for employees, and a tram with engines and cars. Carter had a $300,000 mortgage on timber lands in 1914. In 1917, the company was in serious financial trouble. June Harris, as receiver, was forced into selling all of the property and lands for $62,500.
Research Date: MCJ 02-10-96
Prepared By: M Johnson