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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NA-75
Corporate Name: Bell and Martin
Local Name:
Owner Name: Bell and Martin (possibly J. D. Martin)
Location: Possibly Martinsville, eastern Nacogdoches County, near the Attoyac River
County: Nacogdoches
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1849
End Year: 1850
Decades: 1840-1849,1850-1859
Period of Operation: About 1849 to the 1850s
Town: Martinsville
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cornmeal
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Water, then steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 50,000 feet during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and grist mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: Dr. J. D. Martin, according to a Nacogdoches newspaper, settled during the early 1850s in the area of what was known in 1907 as Martinsville. He was a good doctor. Martin built both water and steam mills at Martinsville to mill timber. His oxen teams, using carry alls, hauled the logs one at a time for a distance of several years. Martin died about 1902. The water-powered saw and grist mill of Bell and Martin in Nacogdoches County employed two hands during the census year ending June 1, 1850. The mill's owners had $2000 invested in the mill and paid $32 per month in wages. Lumber production was only 50,000 feet for the year, and was valued at $500. Corn meal production, on the other hand, was valued at $3060. It is possible that one of the owners was Dr. J. D. Martin, who settled in what would later be known as Martinsville, near the Attoyac River. He ran a water-powered mill and later a steam mill.
Research Date: JKG 9-20-93, M. Johnson 04-22-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson