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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NE-19
Corporate Name: Alfred Farr
Local Name:
Owner Name: Alfred Farr. Later a series of owners
Location: Farrsville on Big Cow Creek
County: Newton
Years in Operation: 67 years
Start Year: 1852
End Year: 1918
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869,1870-1879,1880-1889,1890-1899,1900-1909,1910-1919,
Period of Operation: Built about 1852 to at least 1918
Town: Farrsville on Big Cow Creek
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber, cornmeal, and flour
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Water; steam later?
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Initially a combination cotton gin, grist mill, and sawmill. Upright sash saw; by 1882, a circular saw.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: Alfred Farr, a Methodist preacher and brother-in-law to David R. Wingate, migrated with Wingate to Newton County, Texas, from Mississippi in 1852. Farr built and operated a water-powered combination cotton gin, gristmill, and sawmill on Big Cow Creek, probably using slave labor. The mill at first operated as part of a plantation complex, providing milled lumber for the plantation and local community. Most of Farr's sixty-seven slaves were employed in agricultural pursuits. The mill operated under various owners until the big Wiergate mill opened in 1918.
Research Date: JKG 12-15-93, MCJ 01-23-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson