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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NE-29
Corporate Name: David R. Wingate
Local Name:
Owner Name: David R. Wingate
Location: Farrsville on Big Cow Creek
County: Newton
Years in Operation: 3 years
Start Year: 1862
End Year: 1864
Decades: 1860-1869
Period of Operation: Late 1862 until it burned before the end of the Civil War, by 1865
Town: Farrsville on Big Cow Creek
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 8-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Small sash saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: After the Union Navy burned his sawmill and plantation complex in late 1862, Judge Wingate retreated north to Newton County in order to secure his slaves. Wingate settled near his brother-in-law, Alfred Farr, a Methodist preacher and fellow slave owner, who operated a plantation, which was supported by a water-powered combination cotton gin, gristmill, and sawmill on Big Cow Creek. Here Wingate built a small sawmill powered with an 8-horsepower steam engine. The mill was not financially successful, for the Civil War, despite the periodic successes of the Confederate blockade runners, had nearly crushed the Texas economy. The sawmill operated intermittently until it burned down.
Research Date: MCJ 01-23-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson