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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PA-17
Corporate Name: Appling & Crawford
Local Name:
Owner Name: Appling & Crawford
Location: Unknown
County: Panola
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1880
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 12-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 125,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: The firm of Crawford & Appling, according to the 1880 Census, owned a steam-powered circular sawmill, valued at $,1500, in Panola County. They employed ten men at peak production and four men and two children normally, paying them $.75 to $1.50 daily for nine-hour shifts during the winter and ten-hour shifts in the summer. The firm paid out a total of $250 in wages for six months of half-time mill production. The sawmill, from a value of $750 in supplies and sawlogs, produced 125,000 feet of lumber valued at $1,250.
Research Date: MCJ 02-08-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson