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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PA-64
Corporate Name: I. W. & D. Philer
Local Name:
Owner Name: I. W. & D. Philer (or Pliler). J. K. Graves. J. N. Morris
Location: Buncomb with a Clayton post office in 1905, then Clayton in 1907
County: Panola
Years in Operation: 4 years
Start Year: 1905
End Year: 1908
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: J. N. Morris, unknown dates. Graves, 1905 to 1906. Philers, 1906 to at least 1908.
Town: Buncomb, near Clayton
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 163 in 1905
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough lumber and ginned cotton.
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Probably steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: 1906: sawmill and general store. 1908: sawmill and cotton gin.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & Gulf at Carthage.
Historicial Development: J. K. Graves' sawmill at Buncomb, located near Clayton, appeared in the editions of the 1905 and 1907 Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association. Graves also ran a general store at Buncomb. In October, 1906, the Panola County records note that the Philers mortgaged with J. K. Graves for a sawmill that had once belonged to J. N. Morris. A close perusal of the records indicates that Graves had earlier bought the mill from Morris. Equipment mortgaged included the sawmill, two horses, six mules, a Snyder log wagon, a Bender log wagon, chains, and other materials. The sawmill had originally been at Murvaul, several miles to the east of Buncomb. Panola County records document that J. N. Morris in April of 1906 had hired J. N. Barton to build him a steam-powered sawmill at Murvaul. In 1908, the Philers mortgaged for $825 with Walter Connally & Company their sawmill and cotton gin.
Research Date: JKG 12-10-93, MCJ 02-08-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M Johnson