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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PK-8
Corporate Name: Allen and Williams Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Allen and Williams Lumber Company. Sam Allen and T. H. Williams.
Location: Gail: two and a half miles east on FM 352 from Highway 59
County: Polk
Years in Operation: 18 years
Start Year: 1882
End Year: 1899
Decades: 1880-1889,1890-1899
Period of Operation: 1882 to no longer than 1899
Town: Gail
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 1,000, 1889.
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 20000: 1893
Capacity Comments: 20,000 feet daily in 1893
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and planing mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Trinity & Sabine junction in 1882 (later Missouri, Kansas, & Texas; later Waco, Beaumont, Trinity & Sabine)
Historicial Development: The firm of Allen and Williams was one of many early East Texas sawmilling businesses to follow the construction of the railroads to tap the most easily accessible pine stumpage. The company appeared in a 1880 Chicago lumber publication as operating two mills south of the Trinity River, near the tracks of the Houston East and West Texas Railway. Allen and Williams moved their mills to the area of Gail in Polk County with the post office at Corrigan by 1882. From 1889 to 1893, the mill had a daily capacity of 20,000 to 25,000 feet. The planer, in 1889, could finish 50,000 feet daily. The mill was not listed in “Texas' Timbered Wealth,” Galveston Daily News, January 1, 1900. According to Ruth Peebles, A Pictorial History of Polk County, Texas, Allen & Williams were the first commercial company established in Corrigan. During the building of the railroad, it was claimed that small sawmills and large tie camps were located every few miles in every direction. A newspaper report of 1889 noted that Corrigan had schools for both races and a population of about 1,000. J. L. Henderson and Company operated a store in Corrigan. Jim, the father, was a noted gamesman. His son, Simon, would become Joseph Kurth's partner at Keltys in the Angelina County Lumber Company.
Research Date: JKG 12-14-93, MCJ 02-26-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland