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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SA-10
Corporate Name: Cass Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. J. Bland, San Augustine, controlled output March 1904. Cass Lumber Company.
Location: Steep Creek, community at railroad tracks
County: San Augustine
Years in Operation: 6 years
Start Year: 1904
End Year: 1909
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919
Period of Operation: 1904 to 1909
Town: Steep Creek (Venable)
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished yellow pine lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 40000: 1906
Capacity Comments: 40,000 feet daily in 1904 and 40,000 feet in 1906
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and planer, tram road
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Gulf, Colorado, & Santa Fe. Company tram Venable was the rail switch for Steep Creek
Historicial Development: Cass Lumber Company of San Augustine County ran a lumber facility in the Steep Creek community during the first decade of the twentieth century. In 1904 J. J. Bland, a San Augustine sawmiller, controlled its out put. The mill had been shut for several months in 1905 when Cass Lumber Company approached the Santa Fe and offered to buy the James Hank Survey; the offer was $25,000. Santa Fe declined the offer. American Lumberman noted in February 1906 that a recently concluded purchase of timber lands revealed that an acre which had sold for $5 to $8 a few years earlier had increased in value to $30 an acre. Cass Lumber Company sold three million feet of lumber for $10,000 to Rockwell Bros. Lumber Co. of Houston. The lumber was located at Cass Lumber's yards, sheds and dry kilns at Steep Creek. The sawmill operation also had a planing mill. San Augustine County Chattel Mortgage records note that Cass Lumber Company mortgaged to Hall & Brown for $1885 a #34 Hall & Brown 8-inch by 15-inch new style fast-feed matcher with flooring heads, a Berlin 12-inch inside moulder with a second head, and a total of five heads on 25 March 1914. The company operated a tram road, for the company in November 1908 bought from Henry and Harris of Lamerle, Sabine County, a 15-ton Standard gauge locomotive, more than a 100 tons of steel rails, and five standard gauge logging cars. The Southern Industrial and Lumber Review in March 1909 reported that a cyclone [tornado] virtually demolished the lumber mill of the Cass Lumber Company at Steep Creek on February 19, 1909. Some injuries but no deaths were reported. No record exists of the plant being rebuilt
Research Date: JKG, 8-20-93 MCJ 02-19-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M. Johnson