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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SB-43
Corporate Name: George Cartwright
Local Name: Cartwright Mill
Owner Name: George Cartwright
Location: Hemphill
County: Sabine
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1850
End Year: 1860
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869
Period of Operation: Before 1850 to at least 1860
Town: Hemphill
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 350,000 feet during during the reporting period of the Census of 1860
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: George Cartwright's small steam sawmill's first delivery for lumber was for “building the first county courthouse” according to a newspaper article. This courthouse was made with lumber when most others in the area were built with logs. Many of the town's buildings built with Cartwright lumber was still standing in 1932. In the census records for 1860, Cartwright's mill employed five workers and manufactured 350,000 board feet for a value of $3,500. The d capital investment was $1,000.
Research Date: MCJ 02-13-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson