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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SH-9
Corporate Name: B. A. Barnes Lumber Company
Local Name: Center
Owner Name: B. A. Barnes Lumber Company
Location: Located three miles from the railroad at Center in 1904
County: Shelby
Years in Operation: 7 years
Start Year: 1900
End Year: 1906
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1900s
Town: Three miles from Center
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 859 in 1905; 4000 in 1928; 2510 in 1934
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber, flooring, beaded ceiling, and shipping.
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 40000: 190440000: 1906
Capacity Comments: 40,000 feet in 1904 and 1906
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and a #2 1/2 6-inch by 15-inch double Mississippi planer-matcher
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: In 1905, the Houston East & West Texas at Tenaha; later the Gulf Coast & Santa Fe at Center
Historicial Development: The first historical record of B A Barnes Lumber Company is in the Sabine County Chattel Mortgage Register on April 2, 1903, when Barnes mortgaged to Dilley & Son for $900 a #2 1/2 6-inch by 15-inch double Mississippi planer-matcher with a cutting heads for flooring, beading ceiling, and shipping, and one 40-inch blower planing mill exhaust. The operation was both a sawmill and planer originally, but later became the only planing mill in Center. The company also worked as a factor for and loaned money to the other sawmillers in the area, financing small mills and mortgaging their entire output to his planing mill. Barnes owned 2,000 acres of pine timber and 228 acres of other lands valued at $10,0000. He also five log wagons worth $500, a complete sawmill worth $6,000, notes on the J L Paton sawmill at Center worth $1,000, a commissary store and goods worth $1,000. His total worth was valued at $45,590 in 1905. His planing mill was located on fifteen lots in center, consisting of machinery, a planing mill shed, a commissary store, and other buildings.
Research Date: LT 08-17-93; JKG 11-29-93, MCJ 02-29-96
Prepared By: L. Turner and J. Gerland, M. Johnson