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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SH-101
Corporate Name: J. C. Gilchrist & Son
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. C. Gilchrist & Son. W. H. Gilchrist.
Location: Three miles from Short, six miles from Neuville (present-day Jericho?)
County: Shelby
Years in Operation: 5 years
Start Year: 1906
End Year: 1910
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: About 1906 to 1910
Town: Present-day Jericho?
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: The location of this mill is identified variously in Sabine County records as being six miles from Neuville and three miles from Short. Short is about three miles northwest of Neuville. The intersection of a southwesterly direction three miles from Short and northwesterly six miles from Neuville probably indicates the mill was located near Jericho, on Highway 711. On February 13, 1906, the Gilchrists mortgaged to D. K Cason for $913 a #2 DeLoach sawmill, a 3-saw edger, a 54-inch circular saw, a steam engine, “located at Sanford McLevan's place 3 miles from Short, Texas.” On March 15, 1907, the Gilchrists mortgaged for $3,630 440,000 feet of lumber at their mill. On April 5, 1907, they mortgaged to Farmers Bank twelve yokes of oxen, three 4-wheel log wagons, and chains. On September 16, 1907, Barksdale Brothers took a mortgage from them for 800,000 feet of lumber, material stacked at the planer in Neuville, and all the lumber they could cut between September 16, 1907 and March 16, 1908. On November 21, 1907, Gilchrist & Son mortgaged to Farmers Bank “24 oxen, two 4-wheel log wagons” and all their lumber at Neuville and their mill “six miles west of Neuville, also our our sawmill & all fixtures. J. C. Gilchrist was enumerated as a sawmiller at Precinct 2, residence 106, in the 1910 Shelby census.
Research Date: MCJ 02-29-96
Prepared By: M Johnson