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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: WD-35
Corporate Name: J. M. Lawrence & Son
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. M. Lawrence & Son. J. M. Lawrence.
Location: Precinct No. 4, Census, 1870 and 1880, Wood County
County: Wood
Years in Operation: 12 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1880
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: 1870: lumber and grain. 1880: lumber.
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: Steam.
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 1870: 1,250,000 feet. 1880: 350,000 feet.
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: 1870: sawmill and grist mill, one saw. 1880: One circular saw and two band saws.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: In 1870, the capital investment of the J. M. Lawrence sawmill in Precinct 4, according to that year's Census Products of Industry Schedule, was d to be $1,500. Ten men earned earned $2,800 in eight months. Raw materials included $4,500 worth of logs and and $2,000 in unmilled corn. The sawmill manufactured 1,250,000 feet of lumber valued at $25,000. The grist mill produced cornmeal valued at $2,500. In 1880, the facility, now titled the J. M. Lawrence & Son sawmill, was again enumerated in Precinct 4 in the Census of that year. It had a capital value of $1,800. It employed eleven men. They were paid $.80 per day for unskilled labor, working eight-hour shifts in the summer and seven-hour shifts in the winter. The low pay , the short hours, and the fact that only 350,000 feet of lumber were manufactured during the reporting period indicate that this was a small, parttime operation. The men received a total of $750 in wages and raw material were worth $1,925. The total value of sawmill production was $3,500.
Research Date: MCJ 04-22-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson