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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HE-17
Corporate Name: James Coltharp
Local Name:
Owner Name: James Coltharp
Location: About ten miles northwest of Tyler and near the Neches River
County: Henderson
Years in Operation: 10 years
Start Year: 1859
End Year: 1868
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869
Period of Operation: 1859 to about 1868
Town: Northwest of Tyler
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cornmeal and flour
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Two steam engines: one 20-horsepower and one 40-horsepower
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 250,000 feet of lumber, 6000 cornmeal bushels, and 500 flour bushels during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill, grist mill, and wool-carding factory
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: The James Coltharp multi-purpose set of four mills, according to the Census of 1860, manufactured lumber and ground meal and flour. The operation was valued at $12,000, with $8000 in lumber manufactures and $4000 in grist milling. In twelve months of operation, Coltharp paid five men at the sawmill a total of $550 and four men in the grist mills $450. Raw materials including $500 in sawlogs, 6000 bushels of corn, and 500 bushels of wheat. Lumber sawing produced 250,000 feet valued at $5,000. Milling produced 5000 bushels of cornmeal at a value of $5,000, and 500 bushels of wheat flour valued at $750. Dr. Woldert, according to Dr. Woldert, who was raised in Tyler from the age of four in 1849, believed the mills were “abandoned soon” after the end of the Civil War.
Research Date: MCJ 05-04-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson