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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: WK-42
Corporate Name: Gebhart, Williams, Fenet Co.
Local Name: Mill
Owner Name: Gebhart, Williams, Fenet Co. Louisiana & Missouri Lumber Co, Long Leaf Lumber Co, Carolina Lumber Co, Texas Log & Lumber Co, with W. A. Bell and L. B. Menefee. W. A. Bell & James H. White. W. A. Bell. Jasper Dominey
Location: Carolina Switch or Spur, halfway between Dodge and Riverside
County: Walker
Years in Operation: 20 years
Start Year: 1901
End Year: 1920
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919,1920-1929
Period of Operation: About 1901 to 1920
Town: Carolina Switch or Spur
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: From ten to forty tenant houses
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cornmeal
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 35000: 1905
Capacity Comments: 35,000 feet of lumber daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and grist mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: International & Great Northern
Historicial Development: Jasper Dominey, about 1901, moved his sawmill operations from Carolina Sawmill along East Carolina Creek to Carolina Spur or Switch, located mid-distance between Dodge and Riverside. The sawmill, about two miles west, could cut 35,000 feet of lumber daily. W. A. Bell took over the operation shortly thereafter. W. A. Bell and James H. White partnered in 1905 as the Texas Log and Lumber Company. Bell, in 1906, disagreed with White, bought the Carolina Lumber Company from their former Texas Log and Lumber Company and bought the sawmill and grist mill at the Switch. Bell later sold the Carolina Lumber plant at the Switch to L. B. Menefee's Louisiana and Texas Lumber Company, which in September, 1906, sold for $74,450 to the Long Leaf Lumber Company through E. C. Arledge, Trustee. By 1907, Long Leaf Lumber bankrupted and Bell and Menefee picked it up for $25,750. Another sale, this time to the Louisiana and Missouri Lumber Company of A. J. Chastain, C. L. Simpson, O. E. Renfro, and A. W. Byrne ended in bankruptcy in 1909, and the old sawmill plant went back to Bell and Menefee. Gebhart, Williams, Fenet Company bought the Bell/Menefee operation in the fall of 1909, including also the Carolina Sawmill facility six miles to the east of Carolina Switch. A San Jacinto County record noted that in 1905 the mill included a company tram road, commissary and nine tenant houses. Kelly Brothers ran an independent log and tram operation for Gebhart, Williams, Fenet from 1909 until 1911, when the equipment and the tram road was sold to the sawmill company. The 1910 Census reflects forty-two tenant residences at this mill.
Research Date: MCJ 03-31-96
Prepared By: M Johnson