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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: WK-61
Corporate Name: J. H. Summers
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. H. Summers, probably as Southern Mills Company
Location: Northwest of Dodge
County: Walker
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1909
End Year: 1910
Decades: 1900-1909,1910-1919
Period of Operation: 1909 to 1910
Town: Northwest of Dodge
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: About 100
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 50000: 1910
Capacity Comments: 50,000 feet of lumber daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and planing mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: International & Great Northern
Historicial Development: J. H. Summers and Sons, acting as Southern Mills Company, had bought out several sawmills at and near Trawick, in Nacogdoches County, after 1905. The Southern Industrial and Lumber Review reported in January, 1909, that Summers and Son were moving their mill to Montgomery County. A bill of sale recorded in Walker County records note, however, that J. H. Summers mortgaged his mill operation there to Commercial National Bank of Nacogdoches. The 1910 Census reveals that the Summers and Sons operation was located between those of J. C. Hill Lumber and Fink Lumber. The operation employed thirty-six workers, including J. H. Summers, sawmill owner; J. L. Traylor, planing mill foreman; W. F. Summers, mill manager; L. W. Smith, filer; W. G. Summers, commissary manager; Theodore Jergins, fireman; J. L. Alcorn, machinist; Jim Jones, carriage sawyer; J. T. Jones, woods foreman; John Hughes, blocksetter; M. Hughes, tailer; and F. Fisher, skidman. Southern Mills Company bought a sawmill plant in Louisiana in 1910. Equipment consisted of a complete sawmill outfit, a planing mill, and a steam logging tram road. The contract was filed in Nacogdoches County because Southern Mills was listed as a Nacogdoches County business. However, the outfit, contracting the owner to move the mill to Texas, was probably dismantled and moved to the Summers operation in Walker County rather than Nacogdoches.
Research Date: MCJ 03-31-96
Prepared By: M Johnson