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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HR-24
Corporate Name: C. Bender and Sons
Local Name:
Owner Name: Charles Bender; Charles Bender, Jr.; Albert Bender; Eugene Bender; Frank Bender. This may have been a contract mill for Foster Lumber Company in 1903.
Location: Humble
County: Harris
Years in Operation: 35 years
Start Year: 1894
End Year: 1928
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909,1910-1919,1920-1929
Period of Operation: About 1894 to 1928
Town: Humble
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 7,500 in 1928
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Shortleaf yellow pine lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 50000: 189360000: 189460000: 190660000: 1928
Capacity Comments: 50,000 feet daily in 1893; 60,000 feet daily in 1894; 60,000 in 1906; 60,000 feet in 1928.
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Planing mill before 1928. 1928: Band sawmill, planing mill, edgers, trimmers.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston East & West Texas Railroad
Historicial Development: C. Bender and Sons was a Houston-based lumber mill company with mills at Houston, Humble, and Holshausen (later Laurelia) in Polk County along the roadway of the Houston East & West Texas. The mill at Humble, which Albert and Frank Bender, in 1894, supervised, began and remained a planing mill for many years. The mill at Humble appeared in the 1905 and 1907 records of the Lumbermen's Credit Association. It is possible that at this time the mill was a contract mill of the Texas and Louisiana Lumber Company. The Southern Industrial and Lumber Review in March 1909 reported that the dry kilns and planing mill at C. Bender & Sons at Humble burned, including 400,000 feet of lumber. The loss was $30,000. The company insisted it would rebuild the planer and sheds. In 1916, The Gulf Coast Lumberman noted that Bender & Sons were enlarging and rebuilding its planing mill at Humble. It had been destroyed by a lightning fire in 1914, with a loss that included the sawmill, kilns, and a hundred thousand feet of lumber. It appeared later in the listing of the 1928 edition of the Southern Lumberman's Directory of American Saw Mills and Planing Mills. Sometime before 1928 the Bender family changed the mill, possibly after the fire of 1914, to a band sawmill as well as a planing mill.
Research Date: JKG 10-13-93, MCJ 05-09-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson, J. Gerland