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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HR-25
Corporate Name: C. Bender and Sons
Local Name: Bender and Sons
Owner Name: Bender & Sons: Charles Bender; Charles Bender, Jr.; Albert Bender; Eugene Bender; Frank Bender.
Location: Houston
County: Harris
Years in Operation: 17 years
Start Year: 1890
End Year: 1906
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1890 to at least 1906
Town: Houston
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 46,639 in 1905
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber, shingles, moldings, sash, blinds
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam engine and boiler
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: A complete lumber mill with planing mill (in 1906, two Woods #24 fast feed planers and matchers) and dry kilns
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: International and Great Northern; Houston East and West Texas
Historicial Development: C. Bender and Sons was a Houston-based lumber mill company with mills at Houston, Humble, and Holshausen (later Laurelia) in Polk County along the roadway of the Houston East & West Texas. In Houston, their two-block plant contained a mill with sixteen planing machines, a boiler house, and other buildings. Almost 200 workers handled half a million feet monthly. In 1894, Charles Bender, Jr., supervised this operation. While listed in Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association, January 1905 , it is not listed in the “Lumber Mills of Texas,” Southern Industrial and Lumber Review, of September 6, 1906. The family either closed or sold the Houston mill and concentrated the milling effort at the plants at Humble and Laurelia.
Research Date: MCJ 05-06-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson