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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HR-39
Corporate Name: Jacob Croft
Local Name:
Owner Name: Jacob Croft. Croft & James.
Location: Spring Creek, about a mile north of Houston
County: Harris
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1840
End Year: 1850
Decades: 1840-1849,1850-1859
Period of Operation: Spring Creek, about a mile north of Houston
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cornmeal
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Hotchkiss water wheel
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 600,000 feet during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and grist mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: The Houston Morning Star reported in 1840 that “Messers Croft & James have erected a water-powered saw and grist mill on Spring Creek, Harris County.” The Democratic Telegraph & Texas Register in 1848 noted that Croft was located a mile above Houston and that the mill employed a Hotchkiss water wheel. According to census records for the year ending June 1, 1850, Jacob Croft's water-powered sawmill and grist mill produced 600,000 feet of lumber and 1,200 bushels of corn meal during the census year. Raw materials included 600 logs at $1,800 and 1,000 bushels of corn at $1,000. Croft employed four men, each averaging $25 monthly, during that time, and d the mill's value at $3000. The d value of the lumber produced was $9000, and the d value of the meal was $1500.
Research Date: JKG 10-13-93, MCJ 05-09-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson, J. Gerland