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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: LI-63
Corporate Name: Montgomery & Spencer
Local Name:
Owner Name: Montgomery & Spencer
Location: South of the Trinity River around New Caney
County: Liberty
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1880
Town: Near New Caney
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 45-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 12000: 1880
Capacity Comments: 4,000,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill with a circular and muley saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston East & West Texas
Historicial Development: The firm of Montgomery & Spencer, according to the Northwestern Lumberman, operated a sawmill on the Houston East & West Texas Railway, south of the Trinity River, in 1880. The Manuscript Census of 1880, reporting for June 1, 1879 to May 31, 1880, detailed the business operations of the sawmill. The sawmill, d a capital value of $8,000, working twenty-four at peak, and twenty men and two children normally. The employees received daily wages of $.90 to $3.00 for twelve hour days in summer and ten hours in winter. Montgomery & Spencer paid a total wage of $4,000. From a total value of $12,000 of supplies and sawlogs, the sawmill manufactured four million feet of lumber valued at a gross value of $20,000. The mill operated fulltime during the twelve-month reporting period.
Research Date: JKG 12-14-93, MCJ 03-14-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M Johnson