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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: AN-4
Corporate Name: Adams & Mills
Local Name:
Owner Name: Adams & Mills. Alexander Adams.
Location: Neches, four miles from the Neches River and eleven miles northwest of Palestine
County: Anderson
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1880
Town: Neches
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 24-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 700,000 board feet
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: International & Great Northern in 1872
Historicial Development: The Northwestern Lumberman reported the mill of Adams & Mills at Neches in a railroad listing in 1880. The census that year listed it under 1880 in Division 7 under Alexander Adams at Neches. Webb noted that the International & Great Northern created the stop in Anderson County about four miles from the Neches River. The stop was named after the river. The Alexander Adams mill operated for nine months during the census year ending May 31, 1880. It was valued at $2,200 and Adams paid from $1.00 to $2.00 per day to twelve employees (including two children under the age of sixteen), for a total in $1,050 in wages. The work day was ten hours. Adams did not do his own logging. From $3,700 in logs and mill supplies, the mill produced 700,000 board feet for a gross value of $7,000. The firm did its own logging around the mill.
Research Date: JKG 12-1-93, MCJ 03-06-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M Johnson