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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PK-92
Corporate Name: Moses Meekins (Mickens) & G. Dunnam
Local Name:
Owner Name: Moses Meekins (Mickens) & G. Dunnam. Smith, Holcomb, Dunnam.
Location: Subdivision No. 21, 1870, U. S. Census; east of Moscow (1855)
County: Polk
Years in Operation: 21 years
Start Year: 1850
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1850 to 1870
Town: Moscow
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill with one saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: In 1940, Hamilton Pratt Easton interviewed Tom Hickman of Corrigan. Mr. Hickman told him of a sawmill at Moscow that was built “by a man named Mickens” about 1855. W.T. Block of Nederland has identified “Mickens” as Moses Meekins. Webb in the Handbook of Texas recorded this sawmill as being at or near Moscow, in Polk County. The Polk County tax rolls reveal that Moses Meekins, a prominent planter near Moscow, had a controlling interest in 1857. His junior partners may have been A. Holcomb and E. S. Smith. The sawmill had a capital value of $2,600. Meekins owned eighteen slaves and Smith another seven, but it is not known if the slaves were used in the timber and lumber business. By 1870, according to that year's census, Meekins had a partner named G. Dunnam. They had a steam saw mill worth $2,000 powered by a 17-horsepower engine running one saw. They paid three men over four months a total of $300. With $400 worth of 12,000 saw logs, the mill produced 150,000 feet of pine lumber worth $1,500. W. T. Block believes this mill was operated by slaves.
Research Date: JKG 1-31-95, MCJ 02-27-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson