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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SM-13
Corporate Name: David Hill
Local Name:
Owner Name: David Hill
Location: Starrville Beat, U. S. Census, 1860, northeast of Tyler, just east of Glade Branch on the Sabine River
County: Smith
Years in Operation: 8 years
Start Year: 1856
End Year: 1863
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869
Period of Operation: 1856 to 1863
Town: Northeast of Tyler
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Pine and oak lumber, cornmeal, and cotton
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 20-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 500,000 feet of pine and 200,000 feet of oak during the reporting period of the Census of 1860
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill, cotton gin, and grist mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: David Hill, according to Dr. Woldert, who was raised in Tyler from the age of four in 1849, came to Smith County from Harrison County about 1844, prior to the establishment of Tyler. Hill was a land speculator and a miller. His residence was on the Aaron T. Castlebury survey. He built a grist mill and a cotton gin, using a V-style wooden-screw press, sometime about 1850. In 1856, he built his sawmill about a mile south of the grist and gin operations. The mills were about eighteen miles to the northeast of Tyler and located just east of Glade Branch on the Sabine River. This saw mill was worth a capital investment of $3,000 as recorded in the 1860 Census. Hill's mill was situated in the Starrville Beat, and he kept ten employees busy at an average monthly wage of $30 each. With raw materials including $1,800 in pine and oak and $400 in other stock, the saw mill produced 500,000 of pine lumber worth $5,000 and 200,000 feet of oak lumber worth $2,500. Most of his lumber was used in housing construction in Tyler. Woldert believes the mill closed about 1863.
Research Date: MCJ 04-16-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson