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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SM-50
Corporate Name: Joshua McEhelung (?)
Local Name:
Owner Name: Joshua McEhelung (?)
Location: Mt. Carmel Beat, U. S. Census, 1860
County: Smith
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1859
End Year: 1860
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869
Period of Operation: 1859 to 1860
Town: Mt. Carmel Beat, U. S. Census, 1860
Company Town: 0
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Finished furniture
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Animals: horses
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Furniture factory
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: The Joshua McEhelung operation (worth a capital investment of $300) as recorded in the 1860 Census is a cabinet shop, not a saw mill. It is included because it demonstrates a certain level of diversification and sophistication in the Texas lumber wood-fiber industry prior to the Civil War. The shop kept two employees busy at an average monthly wage of $25 each. With raw materials including 5,000 feet of pine ($100) and 4,000 feet of ash and oak and etc ($100), the shop produced thirty bedsteads worth a total value of $300, five bureaus worth $120, four sofas worth $100, and eighty chairs worth $100.
Research Date: MCJ 04-16-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson