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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: UP-135
Corporate Name: W. & H. Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin
Local Name:
Owner Name: W. & H. Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin
Location: Unknown
County: Upshur
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1870
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cotton
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 50-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 932,000 feet of pine, sweetgum, and walnut during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and cotton gin
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: The Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin firm with its sawmill and cotton gin operation was d a capital investment of $5,300, according to the Census of 1870. Raw materials included $4,000 worth of pine logs at $2,000, thirty sweetgum logs worth $15, fifty walnut logs at $75, and 21,600 pounds of raw cotton worth $844. Eight men were employed in the sawmill for twelve months at a total wage of $3,500, and two men at the gin for two months at a total wage of $83. The operation manufactured 900,000 feet of pine lumber valued at $9,000; 12,000 feet of sweetgum lumber valued at $240; 20,000 feet of walnut lumber valued at $600; and ginned 7,200 pounds of cotton valued at $1,269.
Research Date: MCJ 05-03-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson