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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PK-63
Corporate Name: Jefferson Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Jefferson Lumber Company. James R. Freeman
Location: Freeman, later New Willard, seven miles north of Livingston.
County: Polk
Years in Operation: 4 years
Start Year: 1886
End Year: 1889
Decades: 1880-1889
Period of Operation: Freeman, 1886. Jefferson Lumber, 1887 to 1889.
Town: Freeman, later New Willard
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 50-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston, East & West Texas
Historicial Development: James R. Freeman located a sawmill a mile down the road from his Freeman Lumber Company plant at Leggett in 1886. The following year he sold it to Jefferson Lumber Company. The latter firm operated the mill until 1889. Polk County Bill of Sale Record Vol A records that J. R. Freeman sold a steam sawmill to J. W. Temby of Harris County in 1887 for $10,000. The property included a 50-horsepower steam engine, boiler, pumps, shafting, etc., a steam locomotive, all rails on the tramway, three tram cars, twelve yokes of oxen, four cart two dry kilns, all lumber at the mill, and all the remaining timber on the John Bland league west of King Creek in Polk County that had bought by Freeman of George W. Davis. When Thompson and Tucker moved from Willard to Freeman, the town was named New Willard.
Research Date: MCJ 02-27-96, JKG 11-10-94
Prepared By: M. Johnson, M Johnson