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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: UP-163
Corporate Name: A. J. Wood
Local Name:
Owner Name: J. R. Wood. A. J. Wood. Castle & Phillips.
Location: (Big Sandy) Ferguson's Switch: MP and Cotton Belt (St. Louis Southwestern) tracks
County: Upshur
Years in Operation: 31 years
Start Year: 1893
End Year: 1923
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909,1910-1919,1920-1929
Period of Operation: 1893 to 1923
Town: Gladewater (Big Sandy)
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 259 in 1905
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and shingles
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 20000: 1893
Capacity Comments: 20,000 feet daily in 1893
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Saw and shingle mill. 1923: Huntsville steam engine and boiler, all the machinery, including belts and pulleys, four horses, two mules, one 8-wheel wagon, and one 4-wheel wagon
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & Pacific (Missouri Pacific)
Historicial Development: J. R. Wood was listed at Gladewater in 1893 as cutting 20,000 feet daily in 1893, and again as a sawmiller in the Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association credit ratings for 1905 and 1907. This may be the same J. R. Wood who was sawmilling at Big Sandy in Upshur County in 1907. According to county deed of trust records, J. R. Wood sold the mill to A. J. Wood after it had been operated by Castle & Phillips. The record of 1923 reveals that equipment and animals included one Huntsville steam engine and boiler, all the machinery, including belts and pulleys, four horses, two mules, one 8-wheel wagon, and one 4-wheel wagon.
Research Date: MCJ 05-03-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson