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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: OR-41
Corporate Name: Robert E. Boothe
Local Name:
Owner Name: Robert E. Boothe (also spelled Booth)
Location: Six miles northwest of Orange on Adams Bayou. Area known as Mt. Holland
County: Orange
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1837
End Year: 1847
Decades: 1830-1839,1840-1849
Period of Operation: September 1836 to 1847
Town: North of Orange at Mt. Holland
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Water
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 1500: 1837
Capacity Comments: 1,500 to 2,000 feet daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Saw mill only with wood-cog gearing and a sash saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: The construction of Robert E. Boothe's sawmill, located six miles north of what is now Orange on Adams Bayou, was interrupted by the invasion of Santa Ana and the Mexican army. After the battle of San Jacinto, Boothe returned and finished his mill. One of the first mechanical mills in Texas, it was a part-time operation ran by a three-man crew, two whites and one black (Boothe's slave?). They exported excess lumber by raft down the Sabine to the Gulf, then by ship to Galveston. Booth was one of two postmasters in Orange County in 1840 at “Mount Holland.” Because the demand was irregular, the venture failed to be profitable, and the mill was abandoned. W. T. Block estimated in Cotton Bales, Keelboats and Sternwheelers: A History of the Sabine River and Trinity River Cotton Trades, 1837-1900 that Robert E. Boothe's water powered sawmill north of Orange milled about 1,500 board feet per day.
Research Date: JKG 11-10-93, MCJ 03-24-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson